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A woman’s health significantly changes throughout pregnancy, both physically and mentally. Pregnancy impacts almost every aspect of a woman’s health, from hormonal changes to physical alterations. Women may experience physical symptoms such as fatigue, backaches, morning nausea, and fluctuations in weight and appetite. Hormonal shifts can also lead to heightened emotions, mood swings, and mental health issues like sadness or anxiety.……CONTINUE READING>>>

Moreover, lifestyle adjustments are necessary during pregnancy, including dietary modifications, prenatal care, and avoiding substances or activities harmful to the unborn child. Despite the challenges, pregnancy is an exciting time for women as they prepare for their child’s arrival.

In a conversation with Jagran English, Dr. Gayathri Karthik Nagesh, HOD and Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Manipal Hospital, Old Airport Road in Bengaluru, discussed how pregnancies affect a woman’s health and provided tips to prepare the body for pregnancy.

According to Dr. Gayathri, pregnancy is a transformative experience, bringing about physical and emotional changes. Throughout pregnancy, a woman’s body undergoes numerous changes to accommodate the growth and development of the fetus. With the increasing age of new mothers, ensuring a smooth pregnancy without complications is crucial. Therefore, a pre-conceptional check with an obstetrician is recommended. Additionally, pregnancy may lead to health complications such as gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, and preterm labor, underscoring the importance of regular prenatal care to monitor and manage potential health issues.

Complications such as fetal issues, growth problems, bleeding, or placental issues may arise, necessitating early diagnosis and appropriate intervention. Regular check-ups with healthcare providers, including routine ultrasounds, facilitate early detection and management of potential issues, ensuring a healthy pregnancy and delivery. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through proper nutrition, regular exercise, and stress management can help mitigate some pregnancy risks and promote overall well-being for both mother and baby.

What Are The Physical Changes In A Woman’s Body During Pregnancy?

Physically, pregnancy can induce symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, back pain, and swelling. Weight gain is one of the most noticeable physical changes, attributed to fetal growth, uterine expansion, increased blood volume, amniotic fluid, and breast tissue growth. This can cause discomfort, back pain, and sleeping difficulties, particularly in later stages. Hormonal changes may affect mood, energy levels, appetite, and skin pigmentation.

Additionally, pregnancy can have lasting effects on a woman’s health. For instance, pregnancy and childbirth can weaken pelvic floor muscles, leading to urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse later in life. Hence, supervised postpartum physiotherapy is essential to strengthen these muscles and regain lost strength.

What Are The Emotional Changes In A Woman’s Body During Pregnancy?

Emotionally, pregnancy can trigger a range of emotions. While some women feel joy and excitement, others may experience anxiety, overwhelm, or depression. Hormonal fluctuations, combined with the stress and anticipation of childbirth and parenthood, can contribute to emotional turmoil during pregnancy. It is crucial to recognize and address signs of emotional distress through counseling and therapy to alleviate anxiety. After delivery, families should be mindful of the new mother’s fatigue, frequent nursing, sleep deprivation, and hormonal fluctuations, which may lead to postpartum depression. Recognizing symptoms and seeking professional help is essential.

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